At the end of World War II, there was a race between the Russians and the Americans to plunder the scientific knowledge of the Nazi regime. Operation Paperclip was the code name this technically illegal program operated under.
The was also Unit 731 run by the Japanese that focused on biological warfare and conducted experiments that rivaled anything the Nazis were doing.
Here’s more info in a free slideshare about Paperclip:
Originally published at https://bobmayer.com.